Research in the area of fatigue of engineering materials has not lost any of its significance and fascination despite of being commonly considered as a traditional discipline looking already back on a history of more than 150 years. The steady advancement and new developments in experimental methods and the availability and the virtually explosive increase of calculating capacity enable a promising (re-)treatment of open problems and create once in a while new emerging research fields. Very High Cycle Fatigue (VHCF), often also named Ultra High Cycle Fatigue (UHCF) or Giga Cycle Fatigue (GCF) has emerged as one of these fields, and has since become a subject of growing interest in international research activities. The interest in the behaviour of materials at numbers of loading cycles beyond 10^7 results mainly from the demand of robust life prediction and damage evaluation assessment methodologies required for an increasing number of components, which are often subjected to 10^9-10^10 loading cycles or even more during service. The research projects which are funded by DFG in the framework of the priority programme Life? (Schwerpunktprogramm SPP 1466) will form the backbone of symposium B01. Additional contributions are highly encouraged.